Satan Is A Liar And Deceiver And The Antichrist NWO 666 Central Bankers Reap Government Profits

by amongthenumberedsaints

The Great WalMart Of Antichrist Communist China And The NWO 666 Central Banker Suicide Vampire Squid Lied: Must Remove “Made In USA” Logos From Products Made In Antichrist Communist China, Thailand 

We just got more evidence that the middle class in America is dying. According to brand new numbers that were just released by the Social Security Administration, 51 percent of all workers in the United States make less than $30,000 a year. Let that number sink in for a moment. You can’t support a middle class family in America today on just $2,500 a month – especially after taxes are taken out. And yet more than half of all workers in this country make less than that each month. In order to have a thriving middle class, you have got to have an economy that produces lots of middle class jobs, and that simply is not happening in America today.

You can find the report that the Social Security Administration just released right here. The following are some of the numbers that really stood out for me…

-38 percent of all American workers made less than $20,000 last year.

-51 percent of all American workers made less than $30,000 last year.

-62 percent of all American workers made less than $40,000 last year.

-71 percent of all American workers made less than $50,000 last year.

That first number is truly staggering. The federal poverty level for a family of five is $28,410, and yet almost 40 percent of all American workers do not even bring in $20,000 a year.

If you worked a full-time job at $10 an hour all year long with two weeks off, you would make approximately $20,000. This should tell you something about the quality of the jobs that our economy is producing at this point.

And of course the numbers above are only for those that are actually working. As I discussed just recently, there are 7.9 million working age Americans that are “officially unemployed” right now and another 94.7 million working age Americans that are considered to be “not in the labor force”. When you add those two numbers together, you get a grand total of 102.6 million working age Americans that do not have a job right now.

So many people that I know are barely scraping by right now. Many families have to fight tooth and nail just to make it from month to month, and there are lots of Americans that find themselves sinking deeper and deeper into debt.

If you can believe it, about a quarter of the country actually has a negative net worth right now.

What that means is that if you have no debt and you also have ten dollars in your pocket that gives you a greater net worth than about 25 percent of the entire country. The following comes from a recent piece by Simon Black…

Credit Suisse estimates that 25% of Americans are in this situation of having a negative net-worth.

“If you’ve no debts and have $10 in your pocket you have more wealth than 25% of Americans. More than 25% of Americans have collectively that is.”

The thing is– not only did the government create the incentives, but they set the standard.

With a net worth of negative $60 trillion, US citizens are just following dutifully in the government’s footsteps.

As a nation we are flat broke and most of us are living paycheck to paycheck. It has been estimated that it takes approximately $50,000 a year to support a middle class lifestyle for a family of four in the U.S. today, and so the fact that 71 percent of all workers make less than that amount shows how difficult it is for families that try to get by with just a single breadwinner.

Needless to say, a tremendous squeeze has been put on the middle class. In many families, both the husband and the wife are working as hard as they can, but it is still not enough. With each passing day, more Americans are losing their spots in the middle class and this has pushed government dependence to an all-time high. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 49 percent of all Americans now live in a home that receives money from the government each month.

Sadly, the trends that are destroying the middle class in America just continue to accelerate.

With a huge assist from the Republican leadership in Congress, Barack Obama recently completed negotiations on the Trans-Pacific Partnership. Also known as Obamatrade, this insidious new treaty is going to cover nations that collectively account for 40 percent of global GDP. Just like NAFTA, this treaty will result in the loss of thousands of businesses and millions of good paying American jobs. Let us hope and pray that Congress somehow votes it down.

Another thing that is working against the middle class is the fact that technology is increasingly taking over our jobs. With each passing year, it becomes cheaper and more efficient to have computers, robots and machines do things that humans once did.

Eventually, there will be very few things that humans will be able to do more cheaply and more efficiently than computers, robots and machines. How will most of us make a living when that happens?…

The robopocalypse for workers may be inevitable. In this vision of the future, super-smart machines will best humans in pretty much every task. A few of us will own the machines, a few will work a bit… while the rest will live off a government-provided income… the most common job in most U.S. states probably will no longer be truck driver.

For decades, we have been training our young people to have the goal of “getting a job” once they get out into the real world. But in America today there are not nearly enough good jobs to go around, and this crisis is only going to accelerate as we move into the future.

I do not believe that it is wise to pin your future on a corporation that could replace you with a foreign worker or a machine the moment that it becomes expedient to do so. We need to start thinking differently, because the paradigms that worked in the past are fundamentally breaking down.

So what advice would you give to a young adult today that is looking toward the future?

Goodbye Middle Class: 51 Percent Of All American Workers Make Less Than 30,000 Dollars A Year 

Deutsche Bank’s Stunning $100 Trillion Of Derivatives

Just take Deutsche Bank, their derivatives position is officially $75 trillion. The real figure is probably over $100 trillion but let us accept the $75T. DB’s equity is $83B. This means that just 0.1% loss on the gross derivatives position is enough for DB to go under. It is virtually guaranteed that any loss on their derivatives would exceed 0.1% of gross value. DB is also too big for Germany. DB’s derivatives position is 24 x German GDP and equal to global GDP. Clearly too big to save and too big for the country and the world! But the Bundesbank and the ECB will try and thus create a new hyperinflationary Weimar Republic for Germany.

When the next crisis comes, the derivatives loss could be 100% of the gross exposure. The Great Financial Crisis that started in 2007 was only temporarily patched up. The exposure in the financial system is today a lot bigger than it was in 2007. Banks will of course argue that their net exposure is much smaller. In theory that is correct but when counterparty fails, gross exposure becomes the actual loss.

$1.5 Quadrillion Derivatives Bomb & The Great Financial Disaster

It is very likely that the total global derivatives exposure of at least $1.5 quadrillion will not just lead to another financial crisis but to The Great Financial Disaster. The bubbles in all asset markets that governments and central banks have created in the last 25 years must implode before real growth in the world can resume again.

But Central Bank will not give up easily. They will print more money than anyone thought possible. But solving a problem by the same method that created it will of course just lead to a bigger bubble and a bigger collapse and to a temporary hyperinflation before a depressionary deflation. Sadly, I consider the likelihood of this scenario being very high.

$1.5 Quadrillion Derivatives Bomb And The Great Financial Disaster 

Last week Credit Suisse released its annual Global Wealth Report.

The big headline grabber was their analysis showing that the top 1% of people now own 50% of the world’s wealth.

That is true and rather astonishing.

However, the report had another finding that was even more astonishing and largely overlooked.

What they found was that, as a percentage of the world’s population, there are now more poor people in the United States and Europe than there are in Antichrist Communist China.

Credit Suisse: with just $10 “you’re wealthier than 25% of Americans”

Shown here, along the left side of the graph you can see that 10% and 20% of the world’s poorest are in North America and Europe.

Here, they aren’t talking about income. They define poor as lacking ‘wealth’, i.e. taking into account assets and liabilities like cash and debt.

Credit Suisse estimates that half of the world has a net worth less than $3,210. And a large chunk of Americans and Europeans can’t make that cut because their net worth is negative.

That’s especially the case for young people these days, who graduate from university with an incredibly expensive degree and an average of $35,000 in student debt.

Of course, plenty of people are in debt up to their eyeballs in the Land of the Free, and not just student debt.

Debt has become the American Way. People go deeply into debt that they can’t afford to buy stuff they don’t need to impress people they don’t know, simply because everyone is doing it.

And it’s just so damn easy.

The US financial system encourages debt by keeping interest rates at effectively zero. You can borrow money in many cases for less interest than you can save. The priorities are pretty out of whack.

This is even more the case in Europe where some banks are actually paying people to borrow money, creating some of the most ridiculous moral and financial hazards imaginable.

Credit Suisse estimates that 25% of Americans are in this situation of having a negative net-worth.

“If you’ve no debts and have $10 in your pocket you have more wealth than 25% of Americans. More than 25% of Americans have collectively that is.”

The thing is– not only did the government create the incentives, but they set the standard.

With a net worth of negative $60 trillion, US citizens are just following dutifully in the government’s footsteps.

Taking a fresh look at the country, you have to admit that when the vast majority of the wealth is held in the hands of the tiniest percent;

When a quarter of the population has negative net worth;

When the government has $18 trillion in debt and another $42 trillion in unfunded liabilities;

And when the central bank is borderline insolvent;

It becomes really hard to make the case that you’re still the richest country in the world.

The data that captured my attention was how little the average American household has in savings. Roughly 62% of Americans have less than $1,000 in savings and 21% don’t even have a savings account, according to a new survey of more than 5,000 adults conducted this month by Google Consumer Survey for personal finance website GOBankingRates.com. This dreadful data is reinforced by a similar survey of 1,000 adults carried out earlier this year by personal finance site Bankrate.com, which also found that 62% of Americans have no emergency savings for a medical crisis, car repair, or unanticipated household expenditure.

It seems 51% of all Generation X adults between the ages of 35 to 54, in the prime earning years of their lives, have ZERO savings, the highest among all age cohorts, with over 20% of them not even having a savings account. This is incomprehensible and reveals an almost juvenile approach to life. Approximately 70% of all 35 to 54 year old households have $1,000 or less in savings. These are people who should have been working for the last 10 to 30 years. To not have put aside more than $1,000 is beyond irresponsible, and the justification of earning no interest on savings is disingenuous as they could have earned 5% up until 2008. This shocking state of affairs can’t only be laid at the feet of the evil bankers and rich corporate titans.

Every person has to accept personal responsibility for their own life. There is one sure fire way to accumulate savings and that is to spend less than you earn. It sounds simple, but the vast majority of Americans have chosen to live beyond their means by allowing themselves to be lured into debt by the Wall Street debt peddlers and their Madison Avenue media maggots selling dreams to willfully ignorant delusional consumers

CONFUSION, DELUSIONS & ILLUSIONS

Back in February, we noted that NIRP had officially (albeit technically) arrived in the US as JP Morgan announced it was preparing to charge some large institutional customers for deposits.

Between the squeeze ZIRP has put on NIM and regulations around so-called “hot money,” banks quite simply do not want certain types of deposits and when trying to talk customers out of putting their money in the bank didn’t work, some financial institutions simply resorted to charging fees.

As we discussed months ago, if the cost of funding isn’t zero, banks are no longer interested, which means if the Fed finally does raise short term rates, other sources of funding will be far more attractive. Besides, it’s not as if banks don’t have enough deposits. On the contrary, they’re inundated and deposit to loan ratios have plunged in the post-crisis years. Here’s how we put it earlier this year: So now that the Fed may be finally pushing back on the commercial banks, and telling them that the cost of deposit funding is about to go up, banks themselves are pushing back on the Fed, and signalling that thanks to the trillions in fungible QE liquidity, they don’t care if the Fed hikes rates, as they are now proactively seeking to purge deposits from their balance sheets.

If you needed still more evidence that what one might call “stealth NIRP” has taken hold in America, consider the following from WSJ:

U.S. banks are going to new lengths to ward off a surprising threat to their financial health: big cash deposits.

State Street Corp., the Boston bank that manages assets for institutional investors, for the first time has begun charging some customers for large dollar deposits, people familiar with the matter said. J.P. Morgan Chase & Co., the nation’s largest bank by assets, has cut unwanted deposits by more than $150 billion this year, in part by charging fees.

The developments underscore a deepening conflict over cash. Many businesses have large sums on hand and opportunities to profitably invest it appear scarce. But banks don’t want certain kinds of cash either, judging it costly to keep, and some are imposing fees after jawboning customers to move it.

The banks’ actions are driven by profit-crunching low interest rates and regulations adopted since the financial crisis to gird banks against funding disruptions.

The latest fees center on large sums deemed risky by regulators, sometimes dubbed hot-money deposits thought likely to flee during times of crises. Finalized last September and overseen by the Federal Reserve and other regulators, the rule involving the liquidity coverage ratio forces banks to hold high-quality liquid assets, such as central bank reserves and government debt, to cover projected deposit losses over 30 days. Banks must hold reserves of as much as 40% against certain corporate deposits and as much as 100% against some deposits from hedge funds.
Yes, that’s right, banks are forced to hold either Fed reserves or USTs to guard against the dangers associated with…cash.

That sounds strange on the surface, but it all comes back to the fact that fractional reserve banking is just one giant ponzi scheme. It’s a confidence game, plain and simple. I, the bank, take your money which I claim you can have back any time you want or need it, and then I go and lend that money out to someone else who might not pay it back for decades, if at all. If you – or, more accurately, a bunch of yous – come beating down the doors all wanting your money back at once, I won’t be able to give it to you because I lent it out to someone else. So the idea is to make banks guard against that possibility by identifying the types of depositors who are likely to come wanting large portions of their money back in a pinch and make financial institutions hold reserves against that funding.

Well, if I’m the bank and I’m going to have to hold reserves against your cash and on top of that my NIM is already in the doldrums, plus I’ve got plenty of deposits, plus the cost of deposit funding is about to rise possibly before I can realize any kind of rebound in my margins, why do I want your deposits when I’m already awash with fungible liquidity?

The answer is: I don’t.

Banks Turn Down Deposits As Stealth NIRP Takes Hold 

Here’s WSJ again:

The push comes as the globe is awash in cash, reflecting soft economic growth and low interest rates that limit investment. Some asset managers have been increasing the amount of cash they are holding in their portfolios, in part because of an increased focus by the Securities and Exchange Commission on liquidity management in mutual funds.

Domestic deposits at U.S. banks in the second quarter hit $10.59 trillion, up 38% from five years earlier, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp. data show. Loans outstanding at U.S. banks as a share of total deposits tumbled to 71% from 78% in 2010 and 92% in mid-2007, before the financial crisis, the data show.

Jerome Schneider, head of Pacific Investment Management Co.’s short-term and funding desk, which advises corporate and institutional clients, said that as a result of the bank actions, he and his customers have discussed as cash alternatives boosting investments in U.S. Treasury bonds, ultrashort-duration bond funds and money-market funds.

When it comes to cash, Mr. Schneider said, “Clients have been put on warning.”

Banks are struggling to generate returns for investors. A low-interest-rate environment squeezes bank profits by narrowing the spread between the rate they lend at and their borrowing, or funding, cost.

Deposit fees are particularly significant at State Street because its primary business is custodying client assets, including holding cash for clients rather than seeking to lend out those funds, as other banks typically do.

State Street customers earlier were told that fees were possible on accounts whose nonoperational balances had grown, the people familiar with the matter said. There is no minimum deposit size that triggers the fee, which varies and is applied case by case to new and existing clients, the people said.

“The persistence of the current rate environment requires that we take action consistent with prudent financial management with certain accounts that continually maintain significant excessive cash balances,” State Street said in a statement to The Wall Street Journal.

BNY Mellon and Northern Trust haven’t yet begun charging to hold clients’ cash, people familiar with the matter said.

A Bank of New York spokesman said the bank hasn’t ruled out doing so in the future.

Since last year, Bank of America Corp. has told some institutional clients that they will need to move their deposits or pay to keep them at the bank, people familiar with the matter said.
And while small depositors are for the time being immune, anyone who has dealt with a TBTF bank in the post-crisis years knows that there are enough fees levied on a variety of services and transactions to take the real return on your savings into negative territory.

Of course everything described above represents a kind of de facto NIRP rather than de jure NIRP, but as those who followed last month’s FOMC decision closely are no doubt aware, one dot now suggests that the US is about to take an officially sanctioned trip into the Keynesian Twilight Zone:

Most cats bounce at least once when they die, but not this one: after CAT posted its first annual drop in retail sales in December of 2012, it has failed to see a rise in retail sales even once.

In fact, since then Caterpillar has seen 34 consecutive months of declining global sales, and 11 consecutive months of double digit declines!

Why is this important? Because a month ago we asked: “What On Earth Is Going On With Caterpillar Sales?”

We have been covering the ongoing collapse in global manufacturing as tracked by Caterpillar retail sales for so long that there is nothing much to add.

Below we show the latest monthly data from CAT which is once again in negative territory across the board, but more importantly, the global headline retail drop (down another 11% in August) has been contracting for 33 consecutive months! This is not a recession; in fact the nearly 3 year constant contraction – the longest negative stretch in company history – is beyond what most economists would deem a depression.

We got the answer just three days later when the industrial bellwether confirmed the world is now in an industrial recession, when it not only slashed its earnings outlook, but announced it would fire a record 10,000.

If Caterpillar’s Data Is Right, This Is A Global Industrial Depression

Moments ago, CAT reported its latest monthly retail sales and they were even worse than last month: in the month of September there was not a single region that posted either a increase of an unchanged print. This was the first month in all of 2015 in which every region posted a drop.

Putting CAT’s result in context, the Great Financial Crisis resulted in 19 consecutive months of sales declines. We are currently at 34 months and showing no signs of any pick up.

As such, based on CAT’s ongoing shockingly bad retail sales we wonder if it is no longer merely a global recession: perhaps that time has come to call it what it really is – a global industrial (at first) depression, which has so far been hidden from plain view thanks to $13 trillion in central bank liquidity, whose marginal impact is evaporating by the day and a Antichrist Communist Chinese credit machine which recently hit a brick wall.

Traders Dump T-Bills Despite Lew’s “Hope” US Avoids Crisis

The bloodbathery in Treasury Bills continues this morning with11/12/15 Bills pushing up to 14bps (from 0bps on Friday).

Despite the “hopes” of Treasury Secretary Jack Lew that the US avoids a crisis, he warns “there’s no margin for error” and with GOP Leadership talks still ongoing (as Paul Ryan lays down his demands), it appears markets are not taking any chances for now.

There’s no margin for error on the debt-limit timetable, U.S. Treasury Secretary Jacob J. Lew says.

Lew speaks at conference in Washington Lew says he’s most worried about an “accident” on the debt limit

After Nov. 3, U.S. can’t borrow any more money unless limit is raised

Need to allow majority in Congress to work its will Lew says Congress should increase debt ceiling unconditionally

Debt limit can’t be used as political ‘weapon’

Lew says he’s hopeful U.S. avoids crisis related to debt limit Govt will be running on cash after Nov. 3
Spot the debt ceiling deadline…

Commodities, Stocks, & Bond Yields Are Plunging, S&P Turns Red

Last week Credit Suisse released its annual Global Wealth Report.

The big headline grabber was their analysis showing that the top 1% of people now own 50% of the world’s wealth.

That is true and rather astonishing.

However, the report had another finding that was even more astonishing and largely overlooked.

What they found was that, as a percentage of the world’s population, there are now more poor people in the United States and Europe than there are in Antichrist Communist China.

Credit Suisse: with just $10 “you’re wealthier than 25% of Americans”

Shown here, along the left side of the graph you can see that 10% and 20% of the world’s poorest are in North America and Europe.

Here, they aren’t talking about income. They define poor as lacking ‘wealth’, i.e. taking into account assets and liabilities like cash and debt.

Credit Suisse estimates that half of the world has a net worth less than $3,210. And a large chunk of Americans and Europeans can’t make that cut because their net worth is negative.

That’s especially the case for young people these days, who graduate from university with an incredibly expensive degree and an average of $35,000 in student debt.

Of course, plenty of people are in debt up to their eyeballs in the Land of the Free, and not just student debt.

Debt has become the American Way. People go deeply into debt that they can’t afford to buy stuff they don’t need to impress people they don’t know, simply because everyone is doing it.

And it’s just so damn easy.

The US financial system encourages debt by keeping interest rates at effectively zero. You can borrow money in many cases for less interest than you can save. The priorities are pretty out of whack.

This is even more the case in Europe where some banks are actually paying people to borrow money, creating some of the most ridiculous moral and financial hazards imaginable.

Credit Suisse estimates that 25% of Americans are in this situation of having a negative net-worth.

“If you’ve no debts and have $10 in your pocket you have more wealth than 25% of Americans. More than 25% of Americans have collectively that is.”

The thing is– not only did the government create the incentives, but they set the standard.

With a net worth of negative $60 trillion, US citizens are just following dutifully in the government’s footsteps.

Taking a fresh look at the country, you have to admit that when the vast majority of the wealth is held in the hands of the tiniest percent;

When a quarter of the population has negative net worth;

When the government has $18 trillion in debt and another $42 trillion in unfunded liabilities;

And when the central bank is borderline insolvent;

It becomes really hard to make the case that you’re still the richest country in the world.

NASA Warns: 99% Chance Of At Least A 5.0 Quake Hitting LA Within 30 Months 

Very strong M7.5 earthquake hits Vanuatu 

With the still free and open internet in America, every day we still have the opportunity to find stories that are being heavily censored by the mainstream media and the three stories outlined below prove to us just why still-free America needs to take the ‘information war’ to the next level before it is too late.

The first story thoroughly illustrates Americans need to maintain the 2nd Amendment and comes to us from the YouTube channel of Pamela Geller showing the next wave of the Antichrist Muslim invasion of Europe. This video points out one unarguable fact – the people we see here are 99.9% men. What happened to the women and children? Is there ANYONE out there who can PROVE to us that the men we see in this video are not members of Antichrist ISIS or intent upon doing harm to Europeans or Americans? Why isn’t the mainstream media reporting about how the majority of ‘refugees’ we see are fighting age men?

While the BBC is telling us these that the “refugees” are demanding freedom to travel into Europe, why are they traveling all the way to Europe when wealthy Antichrist Muslim countries are much closer to where most of them began their long journies? Countries such as Antichrist Egypt, Antichrist Saudi Arabia, Antichrist Turkey or Antichrist Gulf states Antichrist Dubai, Antichrist Kuwait, Antichrist Abu Dhabi would certainly welcome them in, wouldn’t they? Or, was flooding into Europe and the United States the plan all along? Considering we see what looks like an approaching Army in this new video, with no women in children around, we see this video as another huge reason to keep our eyes and ears open.

Much more below this short video.

The next story comes to us from the website of Pamela Geller who tells us a story that we can almost guarantee that most Americans haven’t heard about yet because the MSM is trying their very best to make sure this doesn’t get out due to the fact that it completely rips apart their ongoing narrative. A Muslim man threatened to blow up a plane in flight over New York; why hasn’t the MSM been all over this? Certainly if the ‘terrorist’ was a white Christian or a US Veteran, this story would be front page news.

There has been scant coverage of this incident. No big media, no mug shots, nothing. But it’s a big story. Punching out flight attendants and threatening to blow up the plane is terrorism.

“FBI: Queens Man Punched Flight Attendant, Threatened To Blow Up Plane”

NEW YORK (CBSNewYork/AP) — A Queens man has been charged after he allegedly punched a flight attendant and threatened to blow up the plane during a flight from New York City to South Florida.

A passenger on a flight from New York City to South Florida was arrested Thursday night after investigators say he sprinted down the aisle of the plane, punched a flight attendant in the face and threatened to blow up the plane.

Alija Kucuk, 29, of Middle Village in Queens, N.Y., is facing federal charges of interfering with a flight attendant and threatening to destroy an aircraft. He is jailed in Palm Beach County pending a bond hearing Monday in federal court in West Palm Beach.

“The altercation that transpired between Alija Kucuk and Whitney Rolle included verbal epithets and racial slurs by Alija Kucuk. During this time, Alija Kucuk also yelled … he ‘would blow up the plane,’” agents wrote.

We also learned today from the American Thinker that a US court decision has paved the way for an Australian style gun ban after one of the most drastic gun control laws in US history stood up as being Constitutional. Is gun confiscation on the way in America?

In the next video below, we see Donald Trump’s full speech in Anderson, South Carolina where he didn’t waste any time at all warning of Barack Obozos intentions to sign another executive order with the intention of confiscating Americans guns. Trump tells us that it isn’t going to happen though… Obozo seems to have forgotten that the 2nd Amendment is the 2nd Amendment. Trump then tells us that there are plenty of executive orders being signed and we can’t let that go on: “It will all stop pretty soon because people are tired about what’s going on…people are tired about what’s happening to our country.” Trump begins on Barack Obozo’s possible executive order about gun confiscation shortly after the 1 minute mark.

We see picture after picture after picture of these refugees and continuously ask, where are the women and children? We have to agree with Donald Trump, this looks more and more like an invasion every day.

“200,000 people? This could be the greatest Trojan horse,” Trump warned. “This could make the Trojan horse look like peanuts if these people turned out to be a lot of Antichrist ISIS.”

The Week’s Most Censored Stories: Terrorist Threatens To Blow Up Airplane Over New York, Major Coverup Ongoing Over Trojan Horse Invasion And Trump Warns Of Obozo’s Intention To Confiscate Guns

A poster in Sierra Leone’s crumbling coastal capital Freetown proclaims a message from an Ebola survivor called Sulliaman: “I feel 100 percent healthy!” Another beaming survivor Juliana says: “I am one of the safest people to be around!”

Throughout the two-year Ebola epidemic, thousands of West African survivors have been shunned by their communities, prompting governments to sponsor messages stressing their complete recovery in a bid to counter fear and paranoia.

But the case of Scottish nurse Pauline Cafferkey – the first known Ebola survivor to have an apparently life-threatening relapse – has revived concerns about the health of some 17,000 survivors in Sierra Leone, neighboring Guinea and Liberia.

Doctors and health officials in Sierra Leone told Reuters that a handful of mystery deaths among discharged patients may also be types of Ebola relapses, stirring fear that the deadly virus may last far longer than previously thought in the body, causing other potentially lethal complications.

Diagnoses have not been made, partly because of a lack of relevant medical training and insufficient equipment for detecting a virus that can hide in inaccessible corners of the body – such as the spinal fluid or eyeball. In Cafferkey’s case, the virus in her brain caused meningitis.

Dr. Dan Kelly, founder of non-profit organization Wellbody Alliance who has worked on Ebola in Sierra Leone, estimates that relapsing Ebola might affect 10 percent of all recovered patients.

He said this was based on two cases, including Cafferkey’s, where the live virus was detected among the roughly 20 survivors treated in Europe and the United States. Other experts have declined to give an estimate, saying it is too early to tell.

“One case reminds me of Pauline but we were unable to find a laboratory willing to test the patient before the patient died,” he said. “In West Africa it (relapsing Ebola) is mostly undiagnosed, hardly treated and people are certainly dying of it.”

Mystery deaths in Sierra Leone spread fear of Ebola relapses 

Confirmation of such relapses would prolong for a third year the struggle to defeat a virus that has killed nearly 11,300 people and ravaged the economies of some of the world’s poorest countries.

Guinea is the only nation in West Africa that still has new confirmed cases. Liberia has been declared Ebola-free while Sierra Leone has gone 25 days without a case. But Ebola survivors continue to die under mysterious circumstances, health officials say.

Doctors at Freetown’s 34 Military Hospital said they had seen two Ebola survivors return for treatment weeks after being discharged complaining of respiratory problems, including one this month. Both later died.

Officials at King’s Sierra Leone Partnership also confirmed one possible relapse case in a patient with a weakened immune system in Freetown a week after recovery. Sierra Leone’s National Ebola Response Center said further research on such “anomalies” is underway.

The findings may deepen the suffering of survivors, who are already fighting against stigma.

“Until there is a conclusive study, we can never be sure about this. And to be safe we must isolate them,” said Freetown resident Alagie Kamara.

SURVIVOR TRAUMA

Brima Amidu, a student who survived Ebola, said his landlord has doubled his rent, in a move he believes is intended to drive him out.

“They (Western medics) treated us and if this happens to them what does it mean for us?” he said, referring to Cafferkey’s relapse ten months after recovery.

Survivor Philip Koroma said counseling with a Christian group had helped him cope with ostracization. But one fellow survivor, Fatmata Conteh, was detained by police after she stoned a neighbor for calling her names, he said.

“All this is trauma. If they don’t find a way to solve the problem, people could die of it,” said Koroma.

There are signs that stigmatization is increasing amid evidence survivors can harbor the virus in semen for at least nine months. Liberia’s last known case in June is thought to have been via sexual transmission.

Oretha, a prostitute in the red light district of Liberia’s capital Monrovia, said that reports of sexual transmission had left her and other girls afraid.

“Some of our friends died. That made us be careful and use condoms. Any man that talk ‘flesh to flesh’, I go from them,” she said, in the local Creole dialect.

In Sierra Leone’s northern districts of Kambia and Bombali, new cases in recent weeks were immediately blamed on survivors.

“I’m deeply concerned by this. It is important that we all put aside fear and ignorance, and understand the facts about Ebola,” said President Ernest Bai Koroma.

PARIAH, LEPER AND OUTCAST

Derek Gatherer, a virus expert at Britain’s Lancaster University who has closely tracked Ebola, noted that “many survivors will not recover their former lives anyway, because of the consequences of the disease – both medical and social.”

As well as stigma, many survivors complain of fatigue, joint pain and anxiety attacks.

Some aid workers say that discussing findings on the persistence of the Ebola virus could put survivors in danger. Armand Sprecher, public health specialist at medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), said a survivor already risked being treated “like a pariah, leper and an outcast”.

“We risk making their lives miserable if we miscommunicate the actual risk we are dealing with here,” Sprecher said.

Both Sierra Leone and Liberia are introducing programs to help screen survivors to see if they harbor the virus. “Operation Shield” in Sierra Leone begins regularly testing the semen of willing survivors this month.

In Guinea, where there are three known cases, government support for survivors is very basic.

Unlike earlier in the epidemic, Ebola victims and their contacts now benefit from a trial vaccine.

The World Health Organization is working with governments of the three countries to develop a survivor care plan.

“The Ebola response has already had to adapt to the extraordinary nature of this outbreak,” said Adam Kucharski, an expert on infectious disease epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

“The possibility of transmission long after apparent recovery poses yet another challenge.”

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